Art and antiques are often categorised by age and period. Here is a list of the English, French, American, Chinese and Japanese main historical periods.

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Charles II 1660-1685

England

France

US Furniture Styles

China

Japan


England

Tudor

Henry VII 1485-1509

Henry VIII 1509-1547

Edward VI 1547-1553

Mary I 1553-1558

Elizabeth I 1558-1603

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William & Mary 1689-1702

Stuart

James I 1603-1625

Charles I 1625-1649

Commonwealth 1649-1659

Charles II 1660-1685

James II 1685-1688

William III 1689-1702

Mary II 1689-1694

Anne 1702-1714

Hanover

George I 1714-1727

George II 1727-1760

George III 1760-1820

(Regency 1811-1820)

George IV 1820-1830

William IV 1830-1837

Victoria 1837-1901

Edward VII 1901-1910

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George II 1727-1760

Windsor

George V 1910-1936

Edward VIII 1936

George VI 1936-1952

Elizabeth II 1952-


France

Bourbon Dynasty

Henri IV 1589-1610

Louis XIII 1610-1643

Louis XIV 1643-1715

Louis XV 1715-1774

Louis XVI 1774-1792

First Republic

Nat. Convention 1792-1795

Directoire 1795-1799

First Empire

Napoleon I 1804-1814

Louis XVIII (king) 1814-1815

Napoleon I 1815

Bourbons

Louis XVIII 1814-1824

Charles X 1824-1830

Orleans

Louis Philippe 1830-1848

Second Republic

Louis Eugène Cavaignac 1848

Louis Napoleon 1848-1852

Second Empire

(Louis) Napoleon III 1852-1870

Third Republic (presidents)

1870-1906


US Furniture Styles

Jacobean/Carolean 1640-1690s

William & Mary 1690s-1720

Queen Anne 1720-1755

Chippendale 1755-1780s

Federal (Classical) 1780s-1830s

Victorian 1830s-1900

Craft Revival 1870s-1920s

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Craft Revival 1870s-1920s



China

Neolithic Period c.4000-c.2500BC

Xia Dynasty c.2500-1766BC

Shang Dynasty 1766-1122BC

(No clear dynasty) 1122-1100BC

Western Zhou 1100-771BC

Eastern Zhou 770-256BC

(No clear dynasty) 256-221BC

Qin Dynasty 221-206BC

Han Dynasty 206BC-AD220

Three Kingdoms 220-265

Jin Dynasty 265-420

Southern and Northern Dynasties 420-589

Sui Dynasty 581-618

Tang Dynasty 618-907

Five Dynasties 907-960

Liao Dynasty 916-1125

Northern Song 960-1127

Southern Song 1127-1279

Jin Dynasty 1115-1234

Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368

Ming Dynasty 1368-1644

Hongwu 1368-1398

Jianwen 1399-1402

Yongle 1403-1425

Hongxi 1425

Xuande 1426-1435

Zhengtong 1436-1449

Jingtai 1450-1456

Tianshun 1457-1464

Chenghua 1465-1487

Hongzhi 1488-1505

Zhengde 1506-1521

Jiajing 1522-1566

Longqing 1567-1572

Wanli 1573-1619

Tiachang 1620

Tianqi 1621-1627

Chongzhen 1628-1644

Transitional Period 1620-1670

Qing Dynasty 1644-1911

Shunzi 1644-1661

Kangxi 1662-1722

Yongzheng 1723-1735

Qianlong 1736-1795

Jiaqing 1796-1820

Daoguang 1821-1850

Xianfeng 1851-1861

Tongzhi 1862-1874

Guangxu 1875-1908

Xuantong 1909-1911

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Qianlong 1736-1795

People’s Republic 1911-



Japan

Asuka Period 522-710

Nara Period 710-784

Tempyo era 729-784

Early Heian 784-897

Middle/Late Heian 897-1185

Kamakura Period 1185-1333

Muromachi Period 1336-1393

(No clear periods) 1393-1573

Momoyama Period 1573-1614

Edo Period 1615-1867

Meiji Restoration 1868-1912

Taisho Period 1912-1926

Showa Period 1926-1945

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Meiji Restoration 1868-1912