This remarkable late 19th century English longcase clock offered for sale in Pennsylvania last month showed late Victorian design at its most confident.
Although spuriously signed on the dial Joshua Hampson fecit
1743, the monumental 12ft (3.66m) high and 4ft 2in (1.27m)
wide longcase was profusely carved with three-dimensional figures
from the Dick Whittington tale.
It not only included Whittington chimes but played seven related
The so-called Whittington chime, popular in English clocks from
the Victorian period onwards, takes its name from a much earlier
As the story goes, the young Dick Whittington, a poor orphan
from the West of England (he was born in Pauntley near Newent
sometime in the middle of the 14th century), had tired of life
working in the household of a rich Leadenhall Street merchant Mr
He stole away early in the morning of All Hallows Day, and left
the City behind him, but as he rested at Highgate he heard Bow
bells ring out a merry peal. The distinctive chime seemed to say:
Turn again, Whittington, Thrice Lord Mayor of London.
Dick returned to Fitzwarren to learn that the cat he had
reluctantly sent on a voyage in his master's ship had been sold for
a great fortune to the King of Barbary, whose palace had been
overrun with mice. Dick had become a rich man and would
subsequently become Fitzwarren's son-in-law. As the bells said, he
served as Lord Mayor of London on three separate occasions: first
in 1397, then again in 1406-7, and for the third and final time in
The cat, the mice, Father Time, Lady Justice and Mr Fitzwarren
are all here on the longcase alongside the words Turn again
Whittington Thrice Lord Mayor of London. The central figure of
Whittington is not far short of lifesize.
There are a number of similar clocks in US collections, acquired
by American industrialists from British firms who displayed their
most flamboyant wares at the international exhibitions.
This example was probably owned by the Elkins family (a powerful
name in Pennsylvania society) and resided at the former Elkins
family mansion, designed by well-known Philadelphia architect
Horace Trumbauer. It was, understandably, left in situ when the
house and gardens were bought by the congregation of Dominican
Sisters of St Catherine de' Ricci in 1932 to be used as a place for
conducting weekend retreats for women.
Alderfers held a two-day sale at the property
on April 22-23 where the clock sold to the new owner of the
property at $310,000 (£168,000) (plus 10% buyer's premium).
The auctioneers, who had predicted that the clock might bring
$40,000-60,000, said it was the largest and highest-priced piece of
furniture they had ever sold.