A MAJOR policy shift by the Museums Association means British museums will now consider selling at auction as a way to safeguard core collections for the future.
The Museums Association (MA) - an independent body
representing approximately 600 institutions across the UK - listed
the changes inThe Disposal Toolkit, a 24-page document backing
revisions to a code of ethics that advises museums on disposal.
The code, drawn up 30 years ago, has always discouraged
deaccessioning, a practice traditionally seen as abhorrent among
the British museums establishment.
However, after extensive consultation, the association held a
vote at its 2007 general meeting on amending the code to allow
financially motivated disposals, albeit with strict conditions to
qualm fears of cultural asset stripping. The near-unanimous result
in favour made it clear that attitudes had changed since the issue
was last reviewed in 2002.
Cases where disposal might be considered include:
• when the item is a duplicate
• if it has never been 'used' and probably never will be
• when the museum can't provide adequate care
• when an item is way beyond repair
• when an object has no provenance
• when it could be sold to purchase a better example.
"Museums typically collect a thousand times as many things as they
get rid of. Wonderful collections can become a burden unless they
are cleared of unused objects," said MA director Mark Taylor.
The report emphasises that it is unacceptable to dispose of
items on an ad hoc basis, without considering expert advice, if
doing so would adversely affect the reputation of museums, or if it
would not be in the public interest. It also stresses that,
wherever possible, priority should be given to transferring items
to other accredited museums to keep them in the public domain.
Only as a last resort should financially motivated disposal take
place. To assure transparency, the recommended selling method is
auction, and any money raised should be applied solely and directly
to the museum's collection.
The V&A released a statement: "Properly managed disposal can
help public collections fulfil their purpose more effectively. We
welcome the Museums Association's guidelines and its thorough
approach to responsible disposal."
The first institution to take advantage of the new code is The
Watts Gallery of Compton, near Guildford in Surrey. It has
consigned two works from its non-core collection to Christie's sale
of Victorian and Traditionalist Art on June 5.
Jasmineby Albert Joseph Moore (1841-1893) is estimated at
£600,000-800,000 whileThe Triumph of Loveby Sir Edward Coley Burne
Jones, a painting on four canvases framed as one, is estimated at
£400,000-600,000. Both pictures were offered for sale to other
institutions over a two-month period before being entered at
auction to raise money for repairs estimated at more than £10m at
"The Toolkit is really a document based on the long and
difficult process we've been through in the last two years," said
Andrew Churchill of the Watts Gallery. "It was not an easy
decision. These are lovely works but they haven't been on display
for some time and are incongruous to the core collection."
Proceeds will go towards a clearly defined endowment fund to
safeguard the gallery's future.
Although the British Museum is a member of the MA, the changes
will not apply to it as it is governed by the British Museum Act of
1963 and legally cannot deaccession any objects in the
"Objects that are not on display are accessible as study
collections through the departmental students rooms, and we have
over 10,000 people accessing them a year," said representative
By Stephanie Harris