The violin played by Titanic bandmaster Wallace Hartley as the ship slid beneath the waves on the morning of April 15, 1912, was always going to a) attract massive worldwide interest and b) bring in the big bucks at auction.
And so it proved for a saleroom in a small, landlocked Wiltshire
town, as three outside broadcast vans and ten camera crews
descended on Henry Aldridge
of Devizes on October 19.
The instrument in question was German, probably Berlin or
Dresden school, c.1880, bearing a later label for Giovan Paolo
Maggini Brescia. It was given to Dewsbury resident Hartley as a
gift from his fiancée Maria Robinson on the event of their
Its wider significance lies in the fact that Hartley is credited
with the decision to lead his eight-strong band into the historic
hymn Nearer, My God, to Thee in an attempt to calm
passengers as they boarded lifeboats. All eight men perished in the
disaster, and Hartley's remains were recovered on April 25, 1912,
by the crew of the ship CS MacKay-Bennett. The violin was
sold alongside a leather luggage case initialled W. H. H. (Wallace
Henry Hartley), in which Wallace placed the instrument before going
into the freezing North Atlantic.
The bidding battle 101 years later included one Chinese and one
Australian bidder along with sizeable US and British interest - and
a starting bid on the books of just £50 which actually kicked off
proceedings, according to Andrew Aldridge from the family
Titanic and auction house records eventually tumbled
after a final showdown between a British collector and a US
collector, both on the phone, which the former won, paying a
£900,000 hammer price (plus 15% buyer's premium).
Andrew said of the successful bidder: "He collects
Titanic memorabilia but he also collects iconic items from
history, so he is not specific to any one particular field. This
was one of those choice pieces. It attracts the category of
extremely wealthy individuals who want the very best - that's the
half a per cent at the very top, who will only settle for iconic,
once-in-a-lifetime opportunities. This was one of them."
Henry Aldridge set the previous Titanic item auction
record in May 2011 when a very large, hand-drawn plan of the ship,
used in the official inquiry after it sank, sold for £220,000.
Given no precedent apart from that world record, the violin's
estimate had been pitched at £200,000-300,000.
The saleroom's involvement with Titanic sales began in
1996 when they decided to sell a set of lunch menus brought in to
them rather than passing it on to others who were specialising at
the time. Those menus made £10,500, comfortably above the £8000 or
so which was the auction world record for Titanic items at the
time, and regular sales followed, building up a large
Andrew said: "What's unique about this market is although it's
such a specialist, niche market, it's not over-reliant on one
individual, where if something happens to that person, it can go
over a precipice overnight, but with Titanic we have about 10,000
on the database. Of course, not all of them have the means to be
bidding five to six figures but we have about 25-30 individuals who
are quite comfortable with that amount and over. Because of that,
whenever you get a choice piece that is a rare opportunity, it is
going to make good money."
The provenance of the instrument and associated collection can
be traced back to Maria Robinson and its discovery in Halifax, Nova
Scotia, through to the present day.
The violin - consigned by a private individual from the north of
England - was first discovered in 2006 when the saleroom received a
phone call and went to investigate. With the instrument having
something of a mythical status perhaps, and the market inevitably
attracting fakes, it took a huge amount of research involving nine
or ten individual experts and a wide range of verification
techniques ranging from analysis by the Home Office Forensic
Science Service and a CT scan of the interior of the
"The Titanic violin had always been an urban myth, so
because of that it needed a phenomenal amount of work," said
Andrew. "The best way to look at it is it was like a 50-piece
jigsaw puzzle and each component piece was interesting but didn't
actually prove anything... but get them all together and in the
right order, and then you get the picture you are looking for."
The provenance eventually amounted to two packages that when put
together came to about 2in thick.
With the centenary of the Titanic's sad end now past,
how much more appetite is left among collectors? Well, Henry
Aldridge are certainly confident those collectors remain hungry -
their next Titanic and transport sale is in April next
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