A rare American coin from a schoolboy’s coin collection was knocked down at auction for £185,000 at Salisbury saleroom Woolley & Wallis this week.
The price on January 22 was £225,700 when the 22% buyer's
premium was added.
The 1796 'Liberty cap' half cent was found housed in a homemade
matchbox cabinet, almost 50 years after its owner died at the age
In 1796 the Philadelphia Mint was busy producing the first gold
coinage of five and ten dollar pieces and the half-cent received
relatively little attention. The result of a broken die, there are
two variants - one in which the Phrygian or Liberty cap hovers
behind the head, the other in which it is suspended from a pole -
but both as rare.
The 'with pole' coin, identified by W&W's coin consultant
Daniel Fearon, was one of only 1390 struck in pure copper, the work
carried out by John Smith Gardner, assistant engraver at the
Philadelphia Mint from 1794 to 1796, who was paid between $1.62
and $2.62 per day.
The 1796 'Liberty cap' half cent has always been a rarity in the
collectors' market but many of the better specimens have surfaced
in Britain where Colonial copper coinage and trade tokens were
widely collected at the time.
This particular coin, in its original condition with a good even
colour, has no early collecting pedigree but was owned by Mark
Hillary, a brilliant Oxford classical scholar who died in a
climbing accident in Greece at the age of 20 in 1963.
Much of his spare time had been spent at Spink's and Seaby's in
London pursuing his hobby of coin collecting and the main part of
his collection was sold at
Woolley & Wallis a few years ago.
The 'lesser' coins, that formed his original schoolboy
collection, were housed in homemade cardboard trays and a 'cabinet'
made of matchboxes, which only came to light recently during a
clear out of boxes of what was thought to be junk.
That only a handful 1796 half cents have survived in this
condition, saw the estimate of £25,000-30,000 quickly eclipsed in a
bidding battle filmed for an American audience by CBS News.
The lot finally sold to The Numismatic Financial Corporation of
Winter Spring, Florida.
"It was a wonderful result and a most satisfying ending to an
amazing find," commented Daniel Fearon.