THE government has issued a warning to the art and antiques industry over the sale of war trophies after a piece of a Saddam Hussein statue appeared at auction.
Those in breach could face up to seven years
Statutory Instrument 2003 No.1519 UNITED
NATIONS The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2003 restricts
the trade in such cultural goods because UN sanctions are still in
force "as a continuation of efforts contributing to the maintenance
of security and stability in Iraq", says the ministry of
"Please note it is your responsibility to
ensure that your activities do not breach these sanctions," it
advises the industry through the British Art Market Federation. "If
you wish to deal in Iraqi cultural property you are advised to look
at the UKTI, BIS and HM Treasury websites. If there is any
uncertainty you are advised to seek independent legal advice to
ensure you do not breach sanctions. It is a criminal offence to
breach these sanctions and carries a penalty of up to seven years
imprisonment and/or a fine."
The warning was issued following a complaint
from the Iraqi Embassy in London when a piece from a large statue
of Saddam Hussein was offered by Hanson's auctioneers of Etwall,
The destruction of the statue in central
Baghdad was broadcast around the world by TV cameras in 2003 in
what proved to be one of the most iconic moments of the fall of the
The piece was consigned by Jim Thorpe, a
director of Trebletap, a company specialising in turning war
memorabilia into works of art. His business partner, Nigel Ely, a
former SAS soldier, had reportedly used a sledgehammer and chisel
to remove the 2ft piece from the bronze statue when it was pulled
Mr Ely is said to have been issued with a
notice under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act, telling him not
to alter or dispose of the item until the investigation is
completed. In the meantime, Mr Thorpe faced arrest and questioning
under suspicion of having breached the UN sanctions.
It is thought that the sellers had hoped to
make a substantial charitable donation from the proceeds, but,
apart from the potential breach of sanctions regulations, the
incident also raised the question as to who actually owned the
piece. The Iraqi Embassy has requested its return.
Auctioneers and dealers are also regulated
by the Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003, which makes
it an offence for any person to dishonestly deal in a cultural
object that is tainted (within the meaning of the 2003 Act),
knowing or believing that the object is tainted. The offence set
out in the Act complements the UK's obligations under the 1970
UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the
Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural
Property, which the UK ratified in 2002.
The Culture department is now working with the Met Police and
BAMF to prevent any further potential breaches of the law.