THE latest UK government report on the export of works of art revealed that a modest £3.7m worth of treasures were saved for the nation in 2011 after being blocked from leaving the country last year.
However, the value of works of art
classified as historically or artistically important but later
exported was substantially greater. Seven works valued at a
combined £65.8m had their export temporarily blocked to allow funds
to be raised to match the purchase price after they were deemed to
meet the Waverley Criteria (drawn up to identify key pieces).
But after funding failed to materialise,
they were eventually granted export licences. These works included
JMW Turner's painting Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino, which
sold at Sotheby's in London in July 2010 for £26.5m hammer and is
now in the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles.
In all, only four items which met the
Waverley Criteria have ended up in UK public collections. These
• The enormous Thomas Wentworth silver wine
cistern, picturedhere, which sold at Sotheby's in July 2010 for
£2.2m (an auction high for English silver). Knocked down to an
Asian private buyer, UK museums were given seven months to match
this sum and, after grants from the National Heritage Memorial Fund
and The Art Fund, it was finally acquired by the Tudor mansion
Temple Newsam in Leeds.
• A zodiac settle by William Burges, which
was due to be exported to America after an agreed sale for
£800,000. It was purchased by Cecil Higgins Art Gallery &
Bedford Museums, who raised funds from the same bodies.
• A William IV cabinet for William Beckford,
whose owner applied to export it to the Netherlands. Valued at
£285,000 (plus VAT), it was purchased by the Beckford Tower Trust
who raised funds from the NHMF, the Art Fund, individual donations
and £15,000 contributed by dealers H. Blairman & Son Ltd. It
had previously appeared as a sleeper in an Sworders Interiors sale
in September 2010 when it sold for £52,000.
• The lacquered Imari porcelain garniture which sold for
£109,250 (including premium) at Christie's sale of items from
Spencer House in July 2010. After an application to export the
spectacularly decorated garniture to Dubai, it was purchased by the
Ashmolean Museum who received funds from the Art Fund and the
MLA/V&A Purchase Grant Fund.