Until May this year it was still in the ground in a Cumbrian field. Just five months later it was under the auctioneers’ hammer. Last week this Roman bronze cavalry parade helmet dating from the 1st-2nd century AD, sold for £2m (plus premium) to an anonymous UK private telephone bidder.
The 16in (41cm) high bronze parade helmet intended for
ceremonial wear and now known as the Crosby Garrett helmet after
the area of Cumbria where it was discovered, was found by a metal
detectorist in May this year.
Although the main face section was intact, the helmet was in
around 30 pieces when it was discovered. Christie's arranged to
have it restored before it was offered at auction.
It was the highlight of Christie's South
Kensington's October 7 antiquities sale, as in a few short
minutes it eclipsed it's £200,000-300,000 estimate with six
potential bidders: two in the room, three on the phone and one on
the internet from California vying to secure it.
One of those contestants was the Tullie House Museum and Art
Gallery in Carlisle who had been on a frantic attempt to raise the
funds to acquire the helmet (including securing £1m from the
National Heritage Memorial Fund) but they were unsuccessful.
London Antiquities dealer James Ede, who was bidding on behalf
of the museum, went to £1.7m but two phone bidders were prepared to
go even further.
Andrew Mackay of Tullie House who was at the sale, said they
were "obviously very disappointed" not to have secured the bronze.
"We did a fantastic finance-raising campaign," he said, praising a
local public response that had seen "kids emptying their piggy
Asked what the next step would be, Mr Mackay said it would be to
make contact with the buyer. "The key thing is to try and find out
who they are". Had the purchaser been based overseas there would
have remained the possibility that the helmet could be the object
of an export stop allowing the museum further time to raise the
But as it sold to a UK buyer this would not apply. A loan could
be an option.
The museum is still keen to talk to the successful purchaser.
"It would be fantastic to be able to display it in Cumbria," Mr
Mackay told ATG last week.
The reason the helmet went to auction rather than becoming crown
property (with the outcome that it would go direct to a Museum) is
that the find is not classed as Treasure Trove.
While the helmet is a rare and impressive piece (one of only
three comparable examples that have been discovered in Britain),
the fact that it does not have a precious metal content over 10 per
cent and was a solitary object, not part of a larger group find,
means that under the Treasure Act it does not constitute
As such the finder, who had reported it under the Goverment's
portable antiquities scheme and the landowner, are allowed to keep
the piece rather than handing it over to the Crown and receiving
its market value in compensation.
As a result of this case, the treasure law is expected to be