UNEARTHED in a Scottish attic, this exceptional 17th century map, depicting old fishing settlements in Canada and North America is expected to attract international interest when offered at auction in Somerset in January.
The manuscript map, meticulously coloured and remarkably well
preserved on a 2ft 1in x 2ft 7in (68 x 80cm) sheet of vellum, was
drawn by London "plattmaker" (cartographer) John Thornton in 1699
and depicts North West America and Canada from Hudson's Straights
south through Labrador and Newfoundland to New England and New
Thornton (1641-1708), a prolific member of the Thames School of
map and chart makers, was a hydrographer for the English East India
Company and the Hudson's Bay Company.
Rose Sanguinetti, the books and manuscripts specialist at
Lawrences Auctioneers in Crewkerne, has compared
this historically significant item with another map of Hudson's Bay
by Thornton in the British Library. That map, dated 1685, pre-dates
this recent discovery by 14 years but is undoubtedly by the same
Map specialists at The British Library have suggested that the
map might have been a special commission for a patron on account of
the considerable detail given to small settlements on the
Newfoundland coast, implying an interest in the local fishing
Its surprising appearance in The House of Glennie, by Huntly,
Aberdeenshire, Scotland is explained by the business interests of
the late vendor's father, Harold Fortington, who had links with
Canada and North America before the Second World War. When
Fortington's daughter, Mrs N.A.J. Moulton-Barrett, died in 2009,
the map was found, on a dusty attic shelf by a water tank, by
Lawrences' director Anthony Kilroy during a probate valuation.
It is expected to realise £50,000-80,000 when it appears at
Lawrences' auction on January 17.
By Roland Arkell