François Nicole, the Geneva-based pioneer of the musical box, is thought to have made around 440 boxes during his working life, but only 60 are known today. Make that 61: courtesy of a local vendor another turned up at Cirencester auctioneer Moore Allen & Innocent on May 30.
It had been more than a decade since another of these
unprepossessing boxes had appeared at auction. Housed in a plain
satinwood case measuring 19in (47cm) wide overall, it contained a
cylinder with approximately 167 teeth and the signature Francs
It was estimated at £300-500 but attracted bidding to more than
100 times that sum.
"We didn't realise the significance of François Nicole… and
thought it might make £1000 on a good day," said auctioneer Philip
Allwood. "Then a couple of days before the auction we started
getting enquiries from the elite of the European collectors'
community. One chap described François Nicole as the Michelangelo
of musical box makers."
Nicole (only a very distant relative of better-known brothers
Nicole) ranks among the earliest makers of musical boxes, and the
absence of a visible serial number on this example suggested this
was one of his earliest works.
At c.1825, it is among the earliest overture musical boxes and
was considered an exceptional survival with no damage or sign of
repair to the satinwood case or teeth and an unusually deep tone.
François Nicole invented the damper that allowed bass notes to be
played without extraneous noise.
Mr Allwood started the bidding at £5000, and had pre-registered
interest of up to £15,000, but two bidders were prepared to go much
higher. The price was £54,000 (plus 15 per cent buyer's premium) -
believed to be a record sum for the maker. The buyer was described
as a collector from Europe.
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