A particularly impressive and well-provenanced example of cabinetmaking by the celebrated firm Gillows of Lancaster has returned home.
It has been purchased by Lancashire County Museums Services
for £260,000 and will join their impressive collection of the
firm's furniture displayed in a 17th century town house known as
the Judges' Lodgings.
The bookcase was acquired by the London furniture dealers
Apter-Fredericks from a trade source in 2005. It came with little
background information other than a provenance by descent to the
Gurney family, but Guy Apter told ATG that he "took one look at the
feet" and felt sure it was by Gillows.
Further research by the dealers, helped by Gillows scholars
including Susan Stuart (in whose forthcoming book on the firm it
will feature), enabled Mr Apter to confirm his initial hunch.
By comparing it to other signed pieces, tracing back through the
Gurney family tree (they are thought to have owned it for two
centuries prior to its sale to the trade) and by trawling Gillows'
extensive records of invoices and estimates, Apter-Fredericks
pinned the piece down.
The dealers managed to locate a detailed description in the
Gillows' estimate book that tallied exactly with their
It transpired that this piece had been ordered by a Gurney
ancestor, Mrs Hutton Rawlinson or her daughter. Thomas Hutton
Rawlinson was a Quaker ironmaster and merchant who amassed a
fortune trading from Lancaster with the West Indies. His wealthy
widow was left with an annual income of £5000, plenty with which to
commission a very grand piece from the best local cabinetmakers.
This bookcase certainly fits the bill with its carved and inlaid
finely figured mahogany, delicately detailed glazing bars and
chased silvered handles.
Gillows estimate book also shows that it used their top craftsmen,
Thomas and John Dowbiggen to create it. The bookcase was delivered
in 1772 at a cost of £21. The firm's manufacturing costs were not
much less at £17 7/-.
Apter-Fredericks contacted the Lancaster Museum feeling that would
be the ideal home. It took the county some time to raise the funds
to match the purchase price. A large slice came from The Art Fund
who provided £100,000 from a specific bequest from Mrs Gisela
Gledhill. Further contributions came from The National Heritage
Memorial Fund; the MLA/V&A Purchase Fund; the North West
Regional Development Agency and the local community.
While all Gillows furniture carries a cachet, it is rare to find
fully documented pieces from the 18th century. When the Judges'
Lodgings open at Easter, visitors will be able to admire the
bookcase alongside a portrait of the woman who commissioned it
painted by George Romney.
Guy Apter, who delivered the cabinet to its new owners last month,
was delighted with the successful outcome. "It is a highlight of
anyone's business life to find a piece… identify it and see it in
the museum that it should be in," he told ATG last week.
By Anne Crane
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