IN February 1885, a 21ft long illuminated manuscript dating back to the 1320s was exhibited to the Fellows of the Society of Antiquaries in London.It was described as “a very curious Genealogical Roll of the Kings of England” whose “chief point of interest is the artistic excellence of the figures”.
Now, for the first time since then, The Chaworth Roll will be
seen in public again when it appears at an exhibition held by the
manuscripts dealer Sam Fogg in London, who is offering it for sale
at a six-figure sum.
At 21ft 4in (6.5m long) and 10in (25cm) wide, it consists of nine
parchment membranes glued end to end.
It traces the royal succession from Egbert, "the first king of all
England", who reigned from 829 to 839, through to Edward II
(1307-1327). A continuation was then added in the early 15th
century, updating it to the reign of Henry IV (1399-1413).
Only about 30 such genealogies produced between 1217 and 1327 are
known to have survived. The Chaworth Roll is similar in style and
content to three others, one in the Bodleian Library, Oxford and
two in the Cambridge University Library. However, it is in much
better condition than those and is said to be the finest of its
type to appear on the market for more than 30 years.
Evidence suggests that it was commissioned by Sir Thomas Chaworth
(1290-1347), a distant relative of the ruling Plantagenet family.
He may have commissioned a roll for each of his four children -
which would explain the versions that ended up in Oxford and
Cambridge. The Chaworth Roll stayed in the family for six
centuries, until it was acquired privately from the
Chaworth-Musters in 1988 by a Norwegian who has now sold it to Mr
The roll is mostly the work of a single artist, dubbed the
Chaworth Master, whose drawings are similar to those of the Queen
Mary Master, the illuminator of the Queen Mary Psalter in the
British Library. His technique, however, links to an earlier
English tradition of tinted drawings, a style that flourished in
England before the Norman Conquest.
The portrait medallions of the kings also come with passages of
text written in Anglo-Norman French summarising each reign with
overviews of the various battles and events.
For instance, there is a brief account of the intrigue at the
Anglo-Saxon court when Edward the Martyr (975-978) was murdered by
his stepmother: "She gave him a treacherous kiss and a drink. As he
was drinking, she wounded his body."
• The Chaworth Roll exhibition runs at Sam Fogg, 15d Clifford
Street, London from March 3-24.
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